New York State Practitioner Education  Medical Use of Marijuana 2-hr Required Course

New York State Practitioner Education Medical Use of Marijuana 2-hr Required Course

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Section 4.0: Physiologic and Cognitive Effects of Cannabis

Physiologic and cognitive effects of cannabis are the focus of this section.


In January 2017, The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) published The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids: The Current State of Evidence and Recommendations for Research. The nearly 400 page document is "a rigorous review of scientific research published since 1999 about what is known about the health impacts of cannabis and cannabis-derived products" (1).


The discussion below explores many of the physiological effects of cannabis, and highlights some of the conclusions of the National Academies’ report. Thus, it is important to point out that "the evidence reviewed in … (The National Academies' report) derives from epidemiological research that primarily reviews the effects of smoked cannabis…. and several of the prioritized health endpoints discussed…. are from the perspective of effects associated with using cannabis for primarily recreational, as opposed to therapeutic, purposes" (2). It should be noted that there are significant and substantive differences between medicinal and recreational cannabis, and the effects of cannabis are somewhat dependent on the mode of administration.

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